In A Strange Twist, Rick Ross Reveals That He's A Ghostwriter

who did rick ross ghostwrite for

Andres Tardio/MTV News

This year we were forced to confront the fact that many of our favorite rappers might be using ghostwriters to pen their verses, thanks to Meek Mill vs. Drake . And now, in the strangest twist yet, Rick Ross has revealed that he's actually been a ghostwriter for quite some time.

This is strange to me , anyway, since Ross naturally had to side with his MMG signee Meek in that feud. And on the track "Dope D--k" from his upcoming Black Market album, he spits, "No shots, but I write my own raps," (which we'd obviously assume was intended for Drake).

But now I'm rethinking everything I thought I knew.

"I finally wrote a record telling the way it feels for me to be a ghostwriter," Ross told TIME . "And not only a ghostwriter, but one of the biggest in the rap game. Because of my own personal success I’ve always been able to keep that in the shadows. On this record, I just felt it was so current. It was needed."

The song is naturally called "Ghostwriter." And when asked if this compromises artistic integrity, Rozay didn't completely draw a line in the sand.

"It depends on really the point you’re looking at. If you’re a battle rapper on the block, the emcee battle challenger, not writing your rhymes could really hurt you," he explained. "When you’re an artist where maybe the focus is really the talent and the different things you bring to the game, I believe it’s more understandable."

"Someone who may have another vision or just ideas that are priceless versus someone who’s like, 'I’m basing my entire career off the words I’m finna tell you right now over this 30-second period.” I’m not speaking to anybody in particular, but let’s say for instance if you was DMX and had a ghostwriter, it’d maybe change the [perception] versus if you was will.i.am. I think that’s more about the music, the records."

So in summary, Ross isn't really into the idea of using a ghostwriter, but he doesn't mind being one. Noted.

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Rick Ross Says He Is ‘One of the Biggest Ghostwriters in the Rap Game’

Rick Ross' agenda is never empty. The MMG Bawse has big plans to flood timelines with all things Rozay, as he detailed in a recent TIME interview.

By Adelle Platon

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Rick Ross

Rick Ross ’ agenda is never empty. The MMG Bawse has big plans to flood timelines with all things Rozay, as he detailed in a recent Time interview.

With his #RenzelRemixes mixtape dropping on Thanksgiving (Nov. 26) and his eighth studio effort, Black Market , dropping a week later on Dec. 4, Ross isn’t skimping on real talk for his upcoming release. He even dedicated an entire track to his role as a ghostwriter, aptly titled “Ghostwriter.”

Rick Ross Reveals Cover Art for New Album ‘Black Market,’ Wants to Record With Adele

See latest videos, charts and news

“It most definitely made it a more personal record, it made it a more — I don’t want to use the word serious, but more a topic-driven record,” he said. “I had a lot of time to just sit by myself, so I had a lot more things I wanted to address. That’s what I did on this LP. I spoke on different things. One of them goes by the name of ‘Ghostwriter.’ I finally wrote a record telling the way it feels for me to be a ghostwriter, and not only a ghostwriter, but one of the biggest in the rap game. Because of my own personal success I’ve always been able to keep that in the shadows. On this record, I just felt it was so current. It was needed.”

Sony Music Publishing's Admin Division Moving From Downtown Nashville to Music Row Area

Ross also offered his two cents on the hot topic, which bubbled to the forefront of hip-hop conversation this past summer when his MMG signee, Meek Mill , took jabs at Drake for offering a verse on Meek’s Dreams Worth More Than Money  cut “R.I.C.O.” that was allegedly written by someone else.

50 Cent & Rick Ross Both Releasing New Mixtapes On Thanksgiving

“If you’re a battle rapper on the block, the emcee battle challenger, not writing your rhymes could really hurt you,” Ross continues. “When you’re an artist where maybe the focus is really the talent and the different things you bring to the game, I believe it’s more understandable. Someone who may have another vision or just ideas that are priceless versus someone who’s like, ‘I’m basing my entire career off the words I’m finna tell you right now over this 30-second period.’ I’m not speaking to anybody in particular, but let’s say for instance if you was DMX and had a ghostwriter, it’d maybe change the [perception] versus if you was will.i.am. I think that’s more about the music, the records.”

He also discussed his love for pears, co-signing beards and writing his first film called G.A.B.O.S. — Game Ain’t Based on Sympathy . Read the full Q&A here .

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Ghostwriter by Rick Ross

who did rick ross ghostwrite for

Songfacts®:

  • The dark art of ghostwriting was a big topic in the rap world during 2015 because of the beef between Drake and Meek Mill . This song finds the Maybach Music Boss opening up about his own experience penning lyrics under someone else's name with their consent. Ross told Time : "I finally wrote a record telling the way it feels for me to be a ghostwriter, and not only a ghostwriter, but one of the biggest in the rap game. Because of my own personal success I've always been able to keep that in the shadows. On this record, I just felt it was so current. It was needed."
  • Rick Ross expanded on the background to the song in a track-by-track interview with Billboard magazine: "That's just me speaking of one of my more lucrative hustles. It's pretty much a given known fact in the industry that before I was successful, I wrote for other artists. I had a lot of fun with it and I wanted to make that a record because it's such a trending topic. I wanted to make a record to let the fans and listeners see it from the inside." "I do see a lot of young artists who write records or sacrifice records, because there are a lot of older artists who are preoccupied, they don't have as much time as they used to to be in the studio. Here is this young artist putting out five albums a day who can just sit there and come out with these ideas from verses and rhymes, whatever it is. They play their music for an artist, an executive or a label, and they end up letting that label use their music – which can also be a good thing for a writer if they have their s--t in perspective."
  • More songs from Rick Ross
  • More songs about trying to write a song or make an album
  • More songs from 2015
  • Lyrics to Ghostwriter
  • Rick Ross Artistfacts

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Rick Ross Says He Is One Of The Biggest Ghostwriters In Rap

Mail

Whether or not he has new music on the horizon, MMG head honcho Rick Ross is always a fixture in the headlines. Back in September he released his Black Dollar mixtape while also announcing that his forthcoming studio album, Black Market, will be available in December. Since then, he has doubled on his presence with new music and news for the blogosphere. This past summer, his very own protege Meek Mill was embroiled in a feud with Drake , in which he accused the Toronto star of employing a ghostwriter.

who did rick ross ghostwrite for

Ross recently sat down with Time to discuss his impending project and shared that he has a track titled “ Ghostwriter ,” in which he speaks on the subject. He went on to say that he is one of the biggest ghostwriters in the rap game. It is no secret that Rozay has given a helping hand on songs to Diddy and Dr. Dre , but he is also rumored to have written for the likes of Trick Daddy and Trina back when he was signed to Suave House Records in the early 2000s.

How did your time in the headlines shape the direction of the album? It most definitely made it a more personal record, it made it a more—I don’t want to use the word serious, but more a topic-driven record. I had a lot of time to just sit by myself, so I had a lot more things I wanted to address. That’s what I did on this LP. I spoke on different things. One of them goes by the name of “Ghostwriter.” I finally wrote a record telling the way it feels for me to be a ghostwriter, and not only a ghostwriter, but one of the biggest in the rap game. Because of my own personal success I’ve always been able to keep that in the shadows. On this record, I just felt it was so current. It was needed.

Ross then elaborates on the subject

who did rick ross ghostwrite for

Ghostwriting was a big topic this year with the feud between Drake and Meek Mill. Do you think that having someone write rhymes for you is necessarily at odds with being an authentic artist? It depends on really the point you’re looking at. If you’re a battle rapper on the block, the emcee battle challenger, not writing your rhymes could really hurt you. When you’re an artist where maybe the focus is really the talent and the different things you bring to the game, I believe it’s more understandable. Someone who may have another vision or just ideas that are priceless versus someone who’s like, “I’m basing my entire career off the words I’m finna tell you right now over this 30-second period.” I’m not speaking to anybody in particular, but let’s say for instance if you was DMX and had a ghostwriter, it’d maybe change the [perception] versus if you was will.i.am. I think that’s more about the music, the records.

Black Market is slated for a December 4th release.

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Rick Ross Talks Being One Of The Biggest Ghostwriters In Hip Hop

who did rick ross ghostwrite for

ROZAY SHARES HIS THOUGHTS ON RAPPERS USING OTHER WRITERS

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(AllHipHop News)  Meek Mill outing Drake for not fully writing his verse on “R.I.C.O.” pushed the topic of ghostwriting into the public sphere in a major way this year. Meek’s Maybach Music Group boss Rick Ross will be adding to the conversation when his upcoming album Black Market hits stores on December 4.

[ALSO READ:  Drake’s Producer Noah “40” Shebib Once Said: You Have No Credibility If Someone Writes Your Raps ]

Ross told  Time :

I had a lot of time to just sit by myself, so I had a lot more things I wanted to address. That’s what I did on this LP. I spoke on different things. One of them goes by the name of “Ghostwriter.” I finally wrote a record telling the way it feels for me to be a ghostwriter, and not only a ghostwriter, but one of the biggest in the rap game. Because of my own personal success I’ve always been able to keep that in the shadows. On this record, I just felt it was so current. It was needed.

The Miami native was then asked for his opinion on whether using a ghostwriter hurts an artist’s authenticity. He replied:

When you’re an artist where maybe the focus is really the talent and the different things you bring to the game, I believe it’s more understandable. Someone who may have another vision or just ideas that are priceless versus someone who’s like, “I’m basing my entire career off the words I’m finna tell you right now over this 30-second period.” I’m not speaking to anybody in particular, but let’s say for instance if you was DMX and had a ghostwriter, it’d maybe change the [perception] versus if you was will.i.am. I think that’s more about the music, the records.

[ALSO READ:  Rick Ross’ ‘Black Market’ Album Features Nas, Future And More ]

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Rick Ross Says He's "One of the Biggest" Ghostwriters: "I’ve Always Been Able to Keep That in the Shadows"

"Because of my own personal success, I’ve always been able to keep that in the shadows."

Image via Complex Original

Not Available Lead

Due to recent events , the topic of ghostwriting has rekindled some nearly all of its controversy and inspired a slew of artists to speak out about the practice. In a recent interview with Time , Rick Ross decided to open up about his own career as "one of the biggest" ghostwriters in the industry:

{ "id": 133213727 } How did your time in the headlines shape the direction of the album?

As for the debate itself, Renzel is quick to point out the value of both sides of the argument:

{ "id": 133213726 } Ghostwriting was a big topic this year with the feud between Drake and Meek Mill. Do you think that having someone write rhymes for you is necessarily at odds with being an authentic artist?

Speaking of the reason ghostwriting is once again a hot topic, Funkmaster Flex recently took another shot at the 6 God for reasons not entirely clear. Can we put this all to rest? Ghostwriting is not a crime .

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Rick Ross Claims He’s One Of The Biggest Ghostwriters In Rap

“because of my own personal success, i’ve always been able to keep that in the shadows.”.

who did rick ross ghostwrite for

Yung Renzel A photo posted by Ricky Rozay (@richforever) on Nov 21, 2015 at 12:04pm PST

In a recent interview with Time , Rick Ross suggested that he has been carrying on an impressive behind-the-scenes career writing rhymes for other MCs.

“I had a lot more things I wanted to address [on Black Dollar ],” the rapper explains. “That’s what I did on this LP. I spoke on different things. One of them goes by the name of ‘Ghostwriter.’ I finally wrote a record telling the way it feels for me to be a ghostwriter, and not only a ghostwriter, but one of the biggest in the rap game. Because of my own personal success I’ve always been able to keep that in the shadows. On this record, I just felt it was so current. It was needed.”

Rick Ross and Meek Mill sample Jay-Z on “Lyrical Eazy”

Read Next: Rick Ross and Meek Mill sample Jay-Z on “Lyrical Eazy”

Ross also suggested that relying on a ghostwriter matters more for some MCs than it does for others. “If you’re a battle rapper on the block, the emcee battle challenger, not writing your rhymes could really hurt you,” he noted. “When you’re an artist where maybe the focus is really the talent and the different things you bring to the game, I believe it’s more understandable. Someone who may have another vision or just ideas that are priceless versus someone who’s like, ‘I’m basing my entire career off the words I’m finna tell you right now over this 30-second period.’ I’m not speaking to anybody in particular, but let’s say for instance if you was DMX and had a ghostwriter, it’d maybe change the [perception] versus if you was will.i.am. I think that’s more about the music, the records.”

FADER reached out to Ross’ representatives about his claims and awaits comment. Read the MC’s recent FADER interview , and look for Black Dollar on December 4.

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The Meaning Behind The Song: Ghostwriter by Rick Ross

Introduction.

Ghostwriting is a common practice in the music industry, but it often goes unnoticed by listeners. In his song “Ghostwriter,” Rick Ross sheds light on this aspect of the industry, proudly declaring his ability to write his own lyrics without relying on ghostwriters. The track serves as a testament to his skill and artistry. Let’s dive into the lyrics and explore the deeper meaning behind “Ghostwriter.”

Table of Contents

Verse 1 – Owning His Craft

In the opening verse, Rick Ross asserts his autonomy as a rapper and songwriter. He refers to himself as a “ghost writer blunt lighter,” highlighting his ability to craft lyrics that resonate with audiences. Ross takes pride in his work, stating that he wrote every album on his own and owns the words he recites. He also reveals his confidence in his songwriting skills, claiming that he can improve any rapper’s work if given the chance. This verse sets the tone for the song, emphasizing Ross’s ability to create impactful music independently.

Hook – Loneliness at the Top

The repetitive hook in “Ghostwriter” reflects the isolation that success can bring. Ross acknowledges the loneliness that comes with reaching the top of the music industry. Although he enjoys the rewards of his success, he also recognizes the sacrifices and loneliness that accompany it. The repetition of the hook reinforces the sense of isolation and underscores the challenges that come with achieving fame.

Verse 2 – Acknowledging Influences

In the second verse, Rick Ross pays homage to those who have influenced him throughout his career. He shares personal anecdotes about encounters with industry figures, such as Jimmy Henchman, from whom he received words of wisdom. Ross also nods to fellow artists who faced financial issues, like DMX, expressing his determination to avoid similar pitfalls. This verse showcases Ross’s humility and highlights the importance of learning from the experiences of others in the industry.

Verse 3 – The Power of Ghostwriting

In the final verse, Ross delves deeper into the concept of ghostwriting. He mentions his unique pen and ability to handle pressure, comparing himself to the skilled chefs at Philippe’s restaurant who expertly handle their cooking utensils. Ross acknowledges the role of ghostwriters in the industry, crediting them for contributing to slang and style. He ends the verse by emphasizing his ability to provide hit songs to others, further showcasing his talent as a songwriter.

Personal Reflection

“Ghostwriter” holds a special place in my heart as it reminds me of a time when I was pursuing my dreams to become a songwriter. The lyrics resonate with my own experiences and struggles in the music industry. Like Ross, I strived to create my own music, placing great value in my ability to write heartfelt lyrics.

Listening to “Ghostwriter” during moments of self-doubt gave me the motivation to push forward and continue honing my craft. The song’s empowering message of owning one’s work resonated deeply with me, encouraging me to stay true to my artistic vision.

Credits and Conclusion

“Ghostwriter” was produced by D. Rich and written by both D. Rich and Rick Ross. It was released on December 4, 2015, as part of the album “Black Market (Deluxe).”

In conclusion, “Ghostwriter” by Rick Ross sheds light on the often overlooked aspect of ghostwriting in the music industry. The song showcases Ross’s prowess as a rapper and songwriter, emphasizing his ability to create music independently. It serves as an anthem for all artists who take pride in their craft and emphasizes the importance of authenticity in the creative process.

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Lil Wayne Confirms Rick Ross Ghostwriting for A-List Rappers in Conversation with DJ Khaled & Wiz Khalifa

Related: jim jones previews ‘we set the trends remix’ with lil wayne.

Lil Wayne confirms Rick Ross ghostwriting rappers biggest songs, where he was also offering assistance to those with rhymes in the past. Last week, Rick Ross invited DJ Khaled, Lil Wayne and Wiz Khalifa to his show for some drinks and gems on the music game.

While finding out that Khaled was a break-dancer in his early days of representing the five elements in hip-hop, Tunechi shared some information for the public. During his days with Ca$h Money, he confirmed seeing Rick Ross write the biggest songs for top rappers in the game, as well as penning some himself.

This isn’t news to us, who’ve been in the know about that situation with Rozay offering his pen to help people. However, he’s been writing hits for people before his career even blew up, and the Jiggaman took notice of him.

Take a look at the video below.

View this post on Instagram A post shared by Lil Wayne (@liltunechi)
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A History of Rappers Accused of Using Ghostwriters

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10 ghostwritten hip-hop tracks – and the surprising...

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10 ghostwritten hip-hop tracks – and the surprising ghostwriters behind them

Every few years, hip-hop gets itself into a tizzy over ghostwriters.

The background chatter of who-wrote-what is always there, with certain triggers – from Skillz’ redacted ‘Ghostwriter’ to that Nas kerfuffle  a while back – occasionally tossing fuel on the fire. What’s clear, though, is that ghostwriting is as old as the hills, and about as common as it’s ever been (side note: as any booze-lubricated industry type will tell you, don’t think it doesn’t go on with underground dance producers, either).

Unlike pop and R&B, where a T. Nash writing credit will help rather than hinder the marketing push, rap tends to take a dim view of hidden writers. The lines are often blurred, too – plenty of rappers happily admit flinging ideas into the mix in the studio, but will stop short of ratting out their employer. A sense of omertà hangs around the issue, which makes it all the more surprising when you find out your favourite rapper wrote that dismal novelty rap from [insert faded celebrity here].

In tribute to the silent and the shadow-cloaked, we’ve assembled some of the more surprising and unexpected ghost-writing gigs of the last 30 years. From The D.O.C to, er, “What’s up doc?”, these are 10 tracks you probably know – and the 10 people you probably didn’t know wrote them.

Artist: Will Smith Song: ‘Gettin Jiggy Wit It’ (1998) Ghostwriter: Nas

Nas found himself embroiled in a ghostwriting controversy back in 2012, when the rapper was accused of co-opting Jay Electronica and Dead Prez’s stic.man to write verses for his Untitled LP. Whatever the extent of their involvement, the Queens rapper has certainly done his fair share of covert scribbling, working for The Firm partner Foxy Brown and, like every rapper and their pitbull, grinding for Diddy too. Weirdest of all was his brief late 1990s job as Will Smith’s go-to writer, penning the enduring/regrettable ‘Gettin Jiggy Wit It’. Nas was also behind Big Willie’s verses on ‘Miami’ – which, frankly, still bumps .

Artist: Ol’ Dirty Bastard Song: Assorted tracks from Return To The 36 Chambers (1995) Ghostwriter: RZA, GZA

If there’s any proof in the old adage “it’s how you tell ’em”, it’s worth turning to ODB’s inimitable 1995 debut. Method Man has gone on record confirming that the bulk of ODB’s beloved Return To The 36 Chambers: The Dirty Version was actually orchestrated by Wu-Tang confreres RZA and GZA, who contributed old and unreleased rhymes from their notebooks. Some of the verses apparently go way back to GZA’s teenage battle rhyming days – something Meth says the latter apparently wasn’t afraid to bring up when required : “I remember GZA and ODB got in an argument one night and GZA was like, ‘Nigga, most of that shit you say on your fucking album is mines anyway!””

beastie-boys-license-to-ill-album-cover-art

Artist:  Beastie Boys Song:  Chunks of  Licensed to Ill , specifically ‘Paul’s Revere’ (1986) Ghostwriter:  Run-D.M.C.

Depending on who you believe, Run-D.M.C. wrote either segments or a sizeable chunk of The Beasties’ tubthumping 1986 debut Licensed To Ill . What’s beyond dispute is that Rick Rubin parachuted the pair in to assist on the record, with fantastical how-we-formed jam ‘Paul Revere’ among the tracks to feature writing from the pair. It wasn’t the only bit of lyric-swapping going on the Rubin axis: Run-D.M.C. also commissioned LL Cool J to pen verses for them.

Artist: Dr. Dre Song: ‘Still D.R.E.’ (1999) Ghostwriter: Jay Z

Dre’s habitual use of ghostwriters has never really qualified as a secret, and the list is long: Snoop Dogg, Eminem, Royce Da 5’9″, Rakim, Knoc-Turnal and Kendrick Lamar have all done time as his backroom boys. Despite that, more listeners than not will probably still be surprised to learn that 2001 standout ‘Still D.R.E.’ was the work of a then-ascendent Jay-Z. Hov, incidentally, used to have some repute as ghostwriter, putting pen to paper for man (Memphis Bleek), woman (Foxy Brown) and beast (more on that later).

Artist:  Lil’ Kim feat. Lil’ Cease Song:  ‘Crush On You’ (1997) Ghostwriter:  Cam’ron

It’s well-known that Biggie wrote bars for Lil’ Kim, but it’s probably more of a surprise that Dipset duke Cam’ron was doing the heavy-lifting on 1997 smash ‘Crush On You’, writing Lil’ Cease’s banner verse. Over to Cam’ron, who is surprisingly frank   on a subject that not many rappers are comfy nattering candidly about: “What happened was, [Untertainment CEO Lance] Un [Rivera] gave Mase $30,000 to write five songs for Lil’ Cease at that time and Mase gave me $5,000 of the 30 to write one or two of the songs… I wrote the ‘Crush On You’ song and they ended up keeping it for Lil’ Kim album but it was really for Lil’ Cease. The original ‘Crush on You’ is all Lil’ Cease, Lil’ Kim isn’t even on the record.”

snoopdre

Artist:  Dr. Dre Song:  ‘Nuthin’ but a ‘G’ Thang’ (1992) Ghostwriter:  The D.O.C.

The D.O.C’s 1989 album No One Can Do It Better is frequently credited as the archetype for the gangsta rap sound that would go on to ambush the charts, but the veteran rapper’s involvement in G-Funk extends further than mere influence. After losing his voice in a car accident, the Dallas rapper kept his hand in with writing jobs for N.W.A., Snoop Dogg and Dr. Dre. His verses appear all over 1992’s The Chronic , but his most brazen work is on the album’s calling card ‘Nuthin But A ‘G’ Thang’, where he personally penned the line “Like my nigga D.O.C./ No one can do it better.” Ancillary tidbit: Ice Cube wrote the bulk of Straight Outta Compton .

saltnpepa

Artist: Salt-n-Pepa Song:  ‘Chick On The Side’ (1986) Ghostwriter: Kool G Rap

There’s a long and fascinating lineage of tough-guy rappers using ghostwriting gigs as an opportunity for gender-bending – see Biggie’s verses on ‘Queen Bitch’, or Big Daddy Kane’s writing for Roxanne Shanté. The most incongruous example of gender chicanery is arguably Salt -n-Pepa’s 1986 track ‘Chick On The Side’ – a warrior queen takedown of a cheating scoundrel, in fact penned by thug rapper and sometime chauvinist Kool G Rap.

spacejam

Artist:  Bugs Bunny Song:  ‘Buggin” from  Space Jam  (1996) Ghostwriter:  Jay Z

Space Jam soundtrack fodder, courtesy of Reasonable Doubt -era Jay-Z. Sample Jiggaism: “Like Trump’s wife, up to my ears in carats/Not even the botha can fade the rabbit.”

Artist:  Eve feat. Jadakiss Song:  ‘Got It All’ (2000) Ghostwriter:  Cassidy

Plenty of greenhorn MCs use ghostwriting as an apprenticeship prior to debuting as a solo artist proper – Kendrick and Freddie Gibbs have been busy , and Problem has been open   about the advantages such a route can bring . Case in point: three years before Cassidy was strong-arming folk into his ‘Hotel’, he was reportedly doing behind-the-scenes work on Eve’s steel-drum enhanced 2000 single ‘Got It All’.

diddy

Artist: Diddy Song: ‘The Future’ (2006) Ghostwriter: Pharoahe Monch

Somebody needs to call the competition committee – Diddy’s responsible for a good 40% of the ghostwriting economy. It’s an old joke, and it’s something of an unfair too: the Bad Boy CEO is the most brazenly open about his lyric-farming, which is certainly preferable to the subterfuge no doubt going on with much more supposedly ‘credible’ artists. Still, Diddy loves a ghostwriter: Biggie, Skillz, Royce Da 5’9″, Fabolous and scores more have helped him out to some degree or other. We’ve plumped for the Pharoahe Monch-penned ‘The Future’, if only because the flow is so transparently Monch’s, it’s practically a karaoke job.

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How the ghostwriter of Biden’s memoirs ended up in the center of a classified documents probe

During a contentious evening news conference, President Joe Biden angrily denies claims in a special counsel’s report that describes the 81-year-old Democrat’s memory as “hazy,” and having “significant limitations.” (Feb. 8)

President Joe Biden speaks to the House Democratic Caucus Issues Conference at Lansdowne Resort, Thursday, Feb. 8, 2024 In Leesburg, Va. (AP Photo/Andrew Harnik)

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the Texas Governor's Mansion Wednesday, July 18, 2012, in Austin, Texas. After four years, the historic Texas Governor's Mansion was restored in a $25 million project after the building was nearly destroyed by fire. (AP Photo/Eric Gay)

WASHINGTON (AP) — President Joe Biden worked so closely with the ghostwriter with whom he is accused of sharing classified secrets that he once declared that he’d trust the author with his life.

Mark Zwonitzer worked with Biden on two memoirs, 2007’s “Promises to Keep” and “Promise Me, Dad,” which was published 10 years later. According to a report released Thursday by special counsel Robert Hur , Biden was sloppy in his handling of classified material found at his home and former office, and shared classified information contained in some of them with Zwonitzer while the two were working on the Biden’s second book.

Hur’s report says no criminal charges are warranted against Biden. It says his office considered charging Zwonitzer with obstruction of justice because the ghostwriter destroyed recordings of interviews he conducted with Biden while they worked on his second memoir together once he learned of the documents investigation. But Hur also said Zwonitzer offered “plausible, innocent reasons” for having done so and cooperated with investigators subsequently, meaning the evidence against him was likely “insufficient to obtain a conviction.”

Hours after the report was released, Biden addressed reporters at the White House and spoke to what he shared with Zwonitzer, saying, “I did not share classified information” adding he didn’t do so “with my ghostwriter. Guarantee you I did not.”

More on the special counsel’s report:

  • The report comes after a yearlong investigation into the improper retention of classified documents by Biden , from his time as a senator and as vice president. Read the full report here .
  • Biden was absolved of criminal behavior, but it’s Trump who may benefit, and other key takeaways .
  • Longstanding concerns about Biden’s age and memory intensified after the release of the special counsel’s report.
  • The resolution of the Biden investigation arrives in a pivotal year for the president as he pursues reelection in a deeply polarized political climate .
  • The investigation into Biden is separate from special counsel Jack Smith’s inquiry into the handling of classified documents by Trump after Trump left the White House.

Zwonitzer did not immediately return messages seeking comment.

Years earlier, in an interview Biden conducted as part of the Audible audiobook version of “Promise Me, Dad,” Biden called Zwonitzer a “great, great guy” and said, “I trust him with my life.”

He added that Zwonitzer “helped me organize; that was his great asset to me.”

It may feel like less of one now.

Hur’s report says Biden saved notebooks from his time as vice president that contained classified information and used them to help Zwonitzer put together his memoir — sometimes reading from them verbatim for more than hour at a time. Biden did that, the report says, despite being aware from when he once suggested that Zwonitzer could be hired as historian for the Office of the Vice President, that the author did not have security clearance.

The report details one of the boxes recovered by federal investigators was labeled “mark Z,” and that one recorded conversation with Zwonitzer in 2017 had Biden saying that he’d “just found all the classified stuff downstairs” of a home he was then renting in Virginia.

Biden spoke to that incident Thursday night and, when pressed that Hur’s reports suggested he had read classified documents to his ghostwriter responded, “It did not say that.”

“What I didn’t want repeated, I didn’t want him to know — and I didn’t read it to him — was, I had written a long memorandum to President (Barack) Obama, why we should not be in Afghanistan and it was multiple pages,” Biden said of his discussions with Zwonitzer. “And so, what I was referring to when I said classified, I should have said it should be private because it was a contact between the president and vice president as to what was going on.”

Biden added, “it was not classified information in that document. That was not classified.”

Though the report concludes that the published finished product of “Promise Me, Dad” did not contain classified information, it says that Zwonitzer deleted recordings he made during his previous conservations with Biden after he learned about the special counsel’s probe.

But it also says that Zwonitzer offered explanations for his deletions and made available transcripts of the recordings. Additionally, he gave investigators his notes and the computer and external hard drive from which the recordings were removed, which allowed authorities to recover most of what had been deleted.

Biden is a well-known fan of “What It Takes,” Richard Ben Cramer’s exhaustive account of the 1988 Democratic and Republican presidential primaries. Biden was then a Delaware senator mounting his first White House run.

In 2006, when he wanted to begin work on what became his first memoir, Biden contacted Zwonitzer, who was Ben Cramer’s researcher on “What it Takes.”

After opting not to run for president in 2015, Biden again contacted Zwonitzer and the two reunited to work on “Promise Me, Dad.”

WILL WEISSERT

COMMENTS

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    Verse 1 - Owning His Craft In the opening verse, Rick Ross asserts his autonomy as a rapper and songwriter. He refers to himself as a "ghost writer blunt lighter," highlighting his ability to craft lyrics that resonate with audiences. Ross takes pride in his work, stating that he wrote every album on his own and owns the words he recites.

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  17. Which rappers use Ghostwriters? : r/hiphopheads

    there's a story ross tells of how he met kanye pre-college dropout when ye was just a producer and ross was just a ghostwriter and they coincidentally were in the studio together and been tight since, but never really got to work with ye until MBDTF. edit: omg okay they did a track or two before MBDTF. 148.

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    183K subscribers Subscribe Subscribed 87 Share 6.6K views 1 year ago #lilwayne #whytv #rickross Lil Wayne Says Rick Ross Is Ghostwriter For Almost Every Rapper But Didn't Say Names 'Rozay Is...

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    William Leonard Roberts II (born January 28, 1976), known professionally as Rick Ross, is an American rapper and record executive. An influential figure in modern hip hop music, Rick Ross has become known for his "booming" vocal performance, "larger than life" persona, and vivid lyrical imagery.His lyrics form the hardships of street life and black market economic activity into a rags to ...

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  22. Who is the best ghostwriter of all time? : r/hiphop101

    Eminem - wrote for dr dre and d12. Jay-Z - wrote for dr dre, foxy, memphis bleek. Nas - wrote for foxy, will smith, dr dre, diddy. those drake ghostwriters like party next door, weeknd. Quinten Miller - wrote for Drake. Biggie - wrote for Lil Kim, diddy, and junior mafia. Ice Cube - wrote for Eazy E and NWA.

  23. Who has ghostwritten for Dre? : r/hiphopheads

    Dre is just such a great producer that the ghostwriting doesn't bother me at all. 2001 is beat-perfection. 1. Everyone, Royce, Snoop, Kurupt, Eazy, Ren, Ice Cube, Hittman, Eminem, Nas, and Jay-Z have all ghost written for Dre. 1.

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